James A Cranford PhD

  • Associate Research Scientist, Internal Medicine Residency, Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Mich.

James A. Cranford PhD may be one of the newest faculty members in the department, but he is not new to research.

This research scientist works part time at Hurley Medical Center, mentoring research teams and helping to design and analyze research studies. He also holds the same title at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where he works part time in the Addiction Center of the Department of Psychiatry.

If his background is any indication, Dr. Cranford is well suited to his tasks.

Education

  • Bachelor of Science Degree in Psychology and Sociology: Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Mich.
  • Master of Arts Degree in Sociology: Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Mich.
  • Doctoral degree in Social/Personality Psychology: University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, N.Y.
  • National Institute of Mental Health Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: Department of Psychology, New York University. Quantitative Training for Mental Health Research.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse Postdoctoral Research Fellow: Substance Abuse Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. Substance Abuse Interdisciplinary Training Program.
  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Postdoctoral Research Fellow: Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. Multidisciplinary Alcoholism Research Training.

Research Interests

  • Family context of mental health and substance use disorders
  • Development of co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders
  • Application of longitudinal statistical methods to studies of mental health and substance use

Recent Grants

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA035183-01). Measurement and Methodology for Daily Patterns of Drug Use and Related Behaviors. PI: R. Cunningham. 04/01/13-03/31/18. Role: Co-Investigator.
  • National Science Foundation. After-School Activities: Identifying Risk and Protective Factors for Community Violence Exposure. PI: R. Ceballo. 09/01/14 – 08/31/18. Role: Co-Investigator.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. Longitudinal Changes in Recovery from Drug Use Disorders: A National Study. PI: S. McCabe. 04/01/15 – 03/31/18. Role: Co-Investigator.

Honors

Junior Investigator Award, Research Society on Alcoholism

Professional Memberships

  • International Association for Relationship Research
  • Society for Personality and Social Psychology
  • Association for Psychological Science
  • Research Society on Alcoholism

Scholarly Activity

Dr. Cranford has taught several undergraduate courses and mentors many students, including doctoral candidates for whom he serves on dissertation committees at the University of Michigan. He also is known for his regular and guest lectures on multiple topics, his helpful contributions to many university committees (including the University of Michigan Medical School Institutional Review Board), and his careful review of articles for peer-reviewed academic journals.

Some of his most recent publications include:

  • Yang, S., Cranford, J. A., Jester, J. M., Li, R., Zucker, R. A., & Buu, A. (2017). A time‐varying effect model for examining group differences in trajectories of zero‐inflated count outcomes with applications in substance abuse research. Statistics in Medicine, 36, 827-837.
  • Bonar, E. E., Cunningham, R. M., Collins, R. L., Cranford, J. A., Chermack, S. T., Zimmerman, M. A., . . . Walton, M. A. (2017). Feasibility and acceptability of text messaging to assess daily substance use and sexual behaviors among urban emerging adults. Addiction Research & Theory, 1-11. doi:10.1080/16066359.2017.1310205
  • Bonar, E. E., Koocher, G. P., Benoit, M. F., Collins, R. L., Cranford, J. A., & Walton, M. A. (2017). Perceived risks and benefits in a text message study of substance abuse and sexual behavior. Ethics & Behavior, 1-17. doi:10.1080/10508422.2017.1293541
  • Cranford, J. A. (2017). Commentary on Salvatore et al. (2017): Dyadic research can clarify non-shared environmental influences on alcohol use disorder and divorce. Addiction, 112(4), 594-595. doi:10.1111/add.13768
  • Buu, A., Massey, L. S., Walton, M. A., Cranford, J. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Cunningham, R. M. (2017). Assessment methods and schedules for collecting daily process data on substance use related health behaviors: A randomized control study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 178, 159-164. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.05.003
  • Haas, N. L., Coute, R. A., Hsu, C. H., Cranford, J. A., & Neumar, R. W. (in press). Descriptive analysis of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: an ELSO Registry study. Resuscitation.
  • Tomlinson, S., Behrman, S., Cranford, J. A., Louie, M., & Hashikawa, A. (in press). Accuracy of smartphone-based pulse oximetry compared to hospital-grade pulse oximetry in healthy children. Telemedicine and e-Health.
  • Cranford, J. A., Arnedt, J. T., Conroy, D. A., Bohnert, K. M., Bourque, C., Blow, F. C., & Ilgen, M. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of sleep-related problems in adults receiving medical cannabis for chronic pain. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 180 (Supplement C), 227-233. oi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.08.017
  • Love, T. M., Cranford, J. A., Burmeister, M., Wojnar, M., Zucker, R. A., & Broker, K. J. (in press). Oxytocin genotype moderates the impact of social support on psychiatric distress in alcohol dependent patients. Alcohol and Alcoholism.

Recent presentations at professional meetings include:

  • Massey, L. S., Barry, K. L., Walton, M. A., Walters, H. M., Bohnert, A. S. B., Ilgen, M. A., Cranford, J. A., McCormick, R. A., Valenstein, M., & Blow, F. C. (2016, April). Mission Strong: Characteristics of soldiers misusing alcohol in the Michigan National Guard. Poster session presented at the 27th Annual Albert J. Silverman Research Conference, Ann Arbor, Mich.
  • Birditt, K. S., Cranford, J. A., Manalel, J., & Wan, W. (2016, January). Alcohol consumption among older couples: Implications for negative marital quality. Poster session presented at the 17th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Diego, Calif.
  • Huerta, T., Bagchi, D., Hipp, M., Jambulingham, N., Gou, T., Cranford, J. A., Huang, R., Majkrzak, A., Sanchez, R., & Nypaver, M. (2016, April). The evolution of appendiceal ultrasound: Ten years’ experience within a pediatric emergency department. Poster session presented at the 1st Annual William G. Barsan Emergency Medicine Research Forum, Ann Arbor, Mich.
  • Mayz, K., Kelker, H., Cranford, J. A., Pham, K., Goldfarb, A., & Sroufe, N. (2016, April). Implementation of a white board communication tool (WBCT) in a pediatric emergency department: A quality improvement initiative. Poster session presented at the 1st Annual William G. Barsan Emergency Medicine Research Forum, Ann Arbor, Mich.
  • Majkrzak, A., Hipp, M., Jambulingham, N., Bagchi, D., Gou, T., Huerta, T., Sanchez, R., Huang, R., Cranford, J. A., & Nypaver, M. (2016, April). Equivocal (EQ) ultrasounds (US) in suspected appendicitis (APP) in children (CHD): Radiology and emergency provider (EP) factors in secondary imaging (SI). Poster session presented at the 1st Annual William G. Barsan Emergency Medicine Research Forum, Ann Arbor, Mich.
  • Wallace, K., Massey, L. S., Walton, M. A., Cranford, J. A., Cunningham, R., & Buu, A. (2016, April). Measurement and methodology for daily patterns of drug use and related behaviors. Poster session presented at the 1st Annual William G. Barsan Emergency Medicine Research Forum, Ann Arbor, Mich.